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  • 1,267,401,849
  • 3,300,000 km2
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Energy Conservation Building Code

  • Location:

  • Type of policy:

  • Implementation period:
    2007 to present

In India buildings are responsible for 33% of the total electricity consumption. It is estimated that if the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) is mandated across the country 1.7 billion kWh of electricity could be saved annually (USAID Eco III Project 2011). In the development stage of the building code detailed life-cycle cost analyses were carried out to ensure that the code reflected practical efficiency measures across five different climatic zones in India.

On national level, the ECBC is on a voluntary basis. Individual state governments bear the responsibility of mandating the code across their respective states through local municipal authorities. For this reason it has been made flexible enough for architects and engineers to incorporate climate specific requirements and local bye-laws into their design, while complying with the code.


  • Aggarwal, Dhruvak (Lead author)
  • Tholen, Lena (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Bureau of Energy Efficiency (n.d.): Energy Efficiency Initiatives in Commercial Buildings, s.l.: Bureau of Energy Efficiency.
  • Meredydd Evans, S. Y. (2014): ECBC Implementation: Progress, Lessons Learned and Tools, s.l.: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Rajesh Chedwal, J. M. G. D. A. S. D. (2015): Energy saving potential through Energy Conservation Building Code and advance energy efficiency measures in hotel buildings in Jaipur City, India. Energy and Buildings, 92 (2015), pp. 282-295.
  • UNDP-GEF-BEE Project (2016): EECB Update Newsletter, New Delhi: Project Management Unit, UNDP-GEF-BEE Project.
  • United Nations Development Program (2015): Implementing Energy Efficiency in Buildings: A Compendium of experiences from across the World, New Delhi: United Natios Development Program
  • USAID Eco III Project (2011): USAID India: Energy Conservation and Commercialization. 

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