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- Appliances Guide
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) initiated the Standards and Labeling (S&L) program for equipment and appliances in 2006, it intended to reduce the energy consumption of appliance without diminishing the services it provides to consumers. Further, the standards and label have been made more stringent and periodically newer minimum energy performance criteria were introduced. As a result, the least-efficient products remove from the market and more efficient products were introduced. At present the scheme is invoked for 21 equipment/appliances 8 of these product groups have mandatory requirements, 13 product groups are under a voluntary scheme.
During the 11th Five-year plan (2007–2012), the Standards and Labeling scheme created a good impact among consumers to purchase energy efficient equipment and was responsible for market transformation towards energy efficient products through a structured consumer awareness program. It resulted in an avoided capacity generation of 7,766MW (Bureau of Energy Efficiency, 2015).
The section 14 of the Energy Conservation Act 2001 empowered the Central Government to notify Minimum Energy Performance Standards & Energy Labels (S&L) for appliances in order to demonstrate the benefits of energy efficiency through reduced energy consumption. The key objective of the S&L program is to provide the consumer an informed choice about the energy consumption of equipment/appliances and the energy saving potentials.
In the year 2002 Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was established as the nodal central agency for the implementation and monitoring of the Act. The act empowered BEE and the central government to specify energy consumption standards, prohibiting the manufactures from selling or importing equipment that do not meet the energy consumption standards in India. The Standards & Labelling Program under the Energy Conservation Act was launched by BEE in May 2006 for its voluntary adoption in the country. BEE prescribed minimum energy performance standards for various appliances and started implementing them by affixing the energy labels on the appliances. The fixation of labels on the appliances created a general awareness about energy efficient products, which led to a market transformation towards energy efficient products.
The main objective behind affixing the labels was to provide the consumer with the information about the achievable energy saving and thereby the cost saving potential of the marketed household and other equipment. Presently the Standard and Labelling scheme covers for 21 appliances in India out of which 8 are in the mandatory category and the remaining 13 are in voluntary category.
The Bureau acts as the monitoring and regulatory agency for the S&L scheme and has prescribed schedules for various appliances and the details for the same, are already available on BEE’s website. These schedules contain the information regarding the testing and labelling procedures and the periodic changes that are required for the introduction of newer more energy efficient products in the market.The label provides the following information:
A stringent quality check with proper sampling size is required when procured through bulk purchase to avoid the end-user complaints for poor quality.
The policy was enacted to improve the energy efficiency in consumer appliances, the market growth in consumer appliance is observed to be of 15%. S and L program drives the market and consumers towards the adoption of efficient appliances.
In addition, in residential units consumer appliances has maximum share in energy consumption. The program was started with most widely used appliances with plans to further increase the number of appliances in both mandatory and voluntary.
The program was launched in the year 2006 and since then it has contributed to significant energy savings. In the calendar year of 2012-2013 it contributed to a savings of 4,608 MU, equivalent to avoided capacity generation of 2,649.8 MW (Bureau of Energy Efficiency, 2013).
The key objective of the S&L program is to provide the consumer an informed choice about the energy consuming of equipment/appliances.
It is a national policy.
The following appliances have been covered in the program in both the mandatory and voluntary schemes:
The minimum energy efficiency requirements of appliances are mentioned in various schedules present on the BEE’s website and are as follows:
For example, Schedule 5 describes the requirement and testing methodology for direct cool refrigerator. Comparative energy consumption requirement for star labelling is defined in the table 2.2 of schedule 5. In addition, since the direct cool refrigerator is under mandatory compliance list the efficiency level required for achieving 1 star becomes MEPS for Direct cool refrigerator.
BEE revises the efficiency levels required for the appliances from time to time. For direct cool refrigerators any appliance manufactured with efficiency equivalent to 1 star level of 2016 will not receive star label in 2017, as it will not meet the current efficiency level required by the program.
The products, which are commonly used and have maximum penetration among consumers, are kept in mandatory and appliances, which will exhibit potential growth in population but are not very common, are kept in voluntary list.
|1||Frost Free (NoFrost) Refrigerator||Schedule 1|
|2||Tubular Fluorescent Lamps||Schedule 2|
|3||Room Air Conditioners||Schedule 3|
|4||RAC (Cassette, Floor Standing Tower, Ceiling, Corner AC)||Schedule 3(A)|
|5||Distribution Transformer||Schedule 4|
|6||Direct Cool Refrigerator||Schedule 5|
|7||Electric Geysers||Schedule 10|
|8||Color TV||Schedule 11|
|1||Induction Motors||Schedule 6|
|2||Agricultural Pump sets||Schedule 7|
|3||Ceiling Fans||Schedule 8|
|4||Domestic Liquified Petroleum Gas Stoves||Schedule 9|
|5||Washing Machines||Schedule 12|
|6||Computer (Notebook/Laptops)||Schedule 14|
|7||Ballast (Electronic/Magnetic)||Schedule 15|
|8||Office equipment's (Printer, Copier, Scanner, MFD’s)||Schedule 16|
|9||Diesel Engine Driven Monoset Pumps for Agricultural Purposes||Schedule 13|
|10||Solid State Inverter||Schedule 17|
|11||Diesel Generator||Schedule 18|
|12||VARIABLE CAPACITY AIR CONDITIONERS||Schedule 19|
|13||LED LAMPS||Schedule 20|
The S&L program is a package in itself combining the labelling scheme with MEPS to drive the market transformation towards the efficient appliances on a dual front. One aspect pushes the supply side to produce efficient appliances on the other hand the labelling scheme pulls the consumers to adopt more efficient appliances.
The policy relies on the codes for standard test procedures defined by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
The policy includes various appliances, residential as well as industrial and the whole package delivered the committed energy savings in each phase by bringing both residential and industrial appliances under the S&L umbrella.
The policy has combined the MEPS and Labelling in one package making it easier to implement. The combined package is more effective as it tackles the market transformation towards efficiency from a dual front.
Agencies or other actors responsible for implementation:Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
Funding:BEE is a government subsidiary organization, which is working in partnership with many international agencies like UNDP & GEF. However, major portion of the funding for the S & L program was provided by the government of India.
The test procedures are usually carried out as per BIS/IS codes and are referred to in the relevant schedule for each appliance. The manufacturers have to submit the test reports of the products in order to receive the label. The testing can be done in any National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) Accredited Lab (can be in house or third party as well). There are provisions for checks and measures. BEE can randomly check the performance of any labelled appliance available in market without any advance notice.
Policy was formed with background research on appliances available in market, efficiency levels, demand projections and energy saving potential in different appliance categories. Realistic targets for appliances were kept initially.
Appliances were selected based on the following factors:
Minimum efficiency levels for different star levels are defined and revised by BEE from time to time for all appliances. Test procedures are defined by BIS in respective IS Codes.
By the end of 12th five year plan, the policy aims to have 20 equipment under voluntary phase.
Actors responsible for design
Actors responsible for implementation
The monitoring is done by BEE, which keeps a record of the manufactured units, details about the performance of the appliance etc.
An evaluation of the S&L scheme does not exist.
Dynamic market transformation and or innovationThe policy aims at market transformation and innovation for new products, as it changes the minimum energy performance criteria periodically and creates awareness in the public regarding the benefits of energy efficient products. Thereby, the manufacturers are bound to search for newer products in order to sustain in the competitive market.
Avoiding lost opportunities
By setting minimum energy performance standards and by promoting the most energy-efficient appliances, MEPS and energy labels help consumers to avoid buying inefficient appliances (which would be a lost opportunity to save energy).
Minimizing snap-back effects
The efficiency levels are regularly revised and the policy does not have any financial support mechanism, the snap back effect will not affect the framework of the S&L program.
Minimizing free-rider effects
Free-rider effects are likely to be very marginal.
Creating spill-over effects
The policy provides information to consumers and generate awareness, by providing active choice towards more efficient appliances. The policy stimulates the demand for efficient appliances.
The policy is designed to promote sustainability, as the use of energy efficient products reduces the energy intensity.
During the period of 2012-2013, energy savings are estimates at 2,649.8MW (Bureau of Energy Efficiency, 2013).