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South Africa

  • 52,982,000
  • 1,221,037 km2
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Solar Water Heating and Heat Pump Rebate Programme (SWH & HP)

  • Location:
    South Africa

  • Type of policy:
    Financial incentives

  • Implementation period:
    2008 to present

  • Year of latest revision:

  • Title in original language:
    Solar Water Heating and Heat Pump Rebate Programme

Water heating (WH) accounts for as much as 40% of the household electricity bill in South Africa. Solar Water Heaters (SWH) & Heat Pump (HP) can reduce and shift load demand and save enormous energy given the country’s high solar radiation levels.
That is why the Solar Water Heating and Heat Pump Rebate Programme was introduced in 2008. To receive a rebate the water heaters must exceed the minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) set for electric water heaters by 25%. The rebate programme was very well received by the private sector and there was a rush to the market. From 20 suppliers in 1997 this number grew to over 400 by 2011. Other benefits are:

  • Low pressure (LP) SWH systems bring hot water to households who have never had it before
  • The local manufacturing industry is prioritised
  • Additional jobs are created through installations and maintenance


  • Covary, Theo (Lead author)
  • Tholen, Lena (Reviewer)
  • Adisorn, Thomas (Reviewer)

Official document

Official document code:
  • Budget Speech (2012): Full Transcript www.bigee.net/s/c25nrx
  • Cape Town SWH Programme www.bigee.net/s/2buct1
  • Department of Energy (2009a): DOE SWH Conference 5 November, 2009 www.bigee.net/s/zjxhid
  • Development Bank of South Africa (2011): Creating a long term financing framework for South Africa’s climate change response www.bigee.net/s/dp4cnd
  • Duffour, G (2012): Solar Water Heating In The World: Strong Diffusion Due To The Large Impact Of Incentives
  • Eskom (2009): Eskom Solar Water Heating Rebate Programme www.bigee.net/s/ze5c5c
  • Eskom (2011a): COP 17 Fact Sheet www.bigee.net/s/fdc1j2
  • Eskom (2011b): Residential Heat Pump Rebate Programme www.bigee.net/s/643iuj
  • Eskom (2011c): Trimming 10% is easier than you think. www.bigee.net/s/5m9auc
  • Eskom (2012): Eskom’s Integrated Demand Management (IDM) Programme and Funding Options www.bigee.net/s/k47w2n
  • Eskom (2012): SWH Programme Overview. Presentation held by Raj Pandaram. www.bigee.net/s/1zupfm
  • Eskom(2013): Energy Efficiency Projects in Industry www.bigee.net/s/kvinga
  • Eskom (2014a): Strategy for Rolling out Solar Energy Geysers www.bigee.net/s/fmbizq
  • Holm, D. (2005): Market Survey for SWH in South Africa. Energy Development Corporation (EDC) of the Central Energy Fund (CEF)
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development & The World Bank (2013): Unlocking Commercial Financing for Clean Energy in East Asia www.bigee.net/s/jab7pf
  • REMT (2004): Renewable Energy Market Transformation South Africa Project, Conningarth Economists, 2004
  • UrbanEarth (2012): Eskom’s Solar water heater rebate progress. www.bigee.net/s/gak3b1

References and further reading

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