Policy Guide

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Chinese National Improved Stove Programme (CNISP)

The Chinese National Improved Stove Programme (CNISP) which in the literature is seen as the most effective programme among projects aiming on the distribution of improved cooking stoves (Qiu, 1996). The aim of the programme was to provide rural households with improved biomass stoves in order to ease deterioration of the ecological environment due to the collection of wood fuel. Thereby, the government proposed the policy of self-building, self-managing and self-using (Qiu, 1996). This meant that the government actively promoted publicity and training courses for improved biomass stoves and mainly relied on the household’s own efforts in constructing their stoves. However, regional and local governments supported them and were responsible for quality control. The CNISP aimed at dynamic market transformation as it incorporated R&D, training and capacity building of stakeholders parallel to the diffusion of improved designs, courtesy of the informed research beforehand.


  • Adria, Oliver (Lead author)
  • Bethge, Jan Per (Author)

References and further reading

  • Qiu, Daxiong; Gu, Shuhua (1996): Diffusion of improved biomass stoves in China. In: Energy Policy, 24(5), 463-469 
  • Sinton, Jonathan E., Smith, Kirk, Peabody, John W., Yaping, Liu, Xiliang, Zhang, Edwards, Rufus; Quan, Gan (2004): An assessment of programs to promote improved household stoves in China. In: Energy for Sustainable Development, 8(3), 33-52
  • Smith, Kirk; Shuhua, Gu; Huang, Kun; Qiu, Daxiong (1993): One hundred million improved cooking stoves in China: How was it done? World Development, 21(6), 941-961


  • Location:

  • Types of policy:
    • Provision of targeted information
    • Financial incentives

  • Implementation period:
    1982 to 1994

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