Policy Guide

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Energy+: Aggregated purchase at European level for A-rated fridge/freezers (Energy +)

The programme Energy+ was a co-operative market procurement initiative between various European countries running from 1999 to 2004. The purchasing power of large buyers was combined in order to give manufacturers of household appliances an incentive to produce highly energy-efficient appliances. The overall goal was to transform the appliance market sustainably. The product group focussed on refrigerators and freezers. They had to be at least 25% more energy-efficient than appliances of the same size and function that just met the EU energy label’s A-rating requirements. The number of Energy+ manufacturers and models meeting the Energy+ criteria gradually progressed. While in 1999, there had been only two models available, this increased to 866 models produced by 21 manufacturers that inscribed their products in Energy+ lists in 2004. If Energy+ cooling devices have 100% market penetration in the EU-15 by 2020, annual energy savings are estimated to be close to 40 TWh. The chances are good, as from July 2014, an energy efficiency level close to Energy+ requirements will be the minimum energy performance standard (MEPS) in the EU for refrigerators and freezers.


  • Tholen, Lena (Lead author)
  • Adisorn, Thomas (Author)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (dena) (2012): Kühl- und Gefrierschränke. www.bigee.net/s/u8679x
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (dena) (NA): Energy+ Pumps. www.bigee.net/s/35phj3
  • International Institute for Energy Conservation (1995): Swedish Refrigerator Procurement. www.bigee.net/s/urswwn
  • Labanca, Nicola (2006): Evaluation of the Energy+ Process. www.bigee.net/s/na326g
  • SenterNovem: 2E+ Procurement on very energy efficient white goods. www.bigee.net/s/i6qj82
  • The Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK) (1994): Swedish Refrigerator Procurement Profile #108 www.bigee.net/s/2yhhux
  • Thomas, Stefan; Barthel, Claus; Ortmann, Anke; Ostertag, Katrin; Schleich, Joachim; Kuntze, Uwe (2003): Klimaschutz durch Effizienzsteigerung bei Kühlgeräten mittels Nachfragebündelung. Im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes 


  • Location:
    Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Belgium, Greece, Norway, Switzerland

  • Type of policy:
    Co-operative procurement

  • Implementation period:
    1999 to 2004

  • Year of latest revision:

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