Policy Guide

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Utilities’ Refrigerator replacement programme

The programme aims to help low-income households save money and reduce energy consumption by replacing old, inefficient refrigerators at no cost to them. It also recycles the old model. During 2008-2010, 45 electricity distribution companies participated in the programme, replacing more than 380,000 refrigerators to save almost 190,000 MWh/year and reduce peak demand by more than 23,000 kW.


  • Jannuzzi, Gilberto De Martino (Lead author)
  • Gomes, Rodolfo Dourado Maia (Author)
  • Tholen, Lena (Reviewer)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL) (n.y.): PEE Projetos www.bigee.net/s/j5t98f 
  • De Martino Jannuzzi, Gilberto; da Siva, Ana Lúcia Rodrigues; de Melo, Conrado Augustus; Paccola, José Angelo; Gomes, Rodolfo Dourado Maia (2009): Refrigerator Replacement Programs in Brazil. In: Proceedings of the EEDAL conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting 2009. www.bigee.net/s/fcyn7d 
  • De Martino Jannuzzi, Gilberto (2007): Cost-Benefit Analysis of A Refrigerator Replacement Program for Low-Income Households in Brazil. www.bigee.net/s/vh6vyf
  • De Martino Jannuzzi, Gilberto; Poole, Alan; (2006): Public Benefit Funds are Not Enough to Secure Energy Efficiency and Energy R&D Activities. Lessons from Brazil. In: ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings: "Less is More: En Route to Zero Energy Buildings". ACEEE, Asilomar, CA USA.  www.bigee.net/s/g3uzvr
  • Ramirez-Pabon, Alejandro; de Goes Leite de Barros, Ruy; de Vale Alves, Moreira (2009): Early Retirement of Refrigerators and Ods Banks Management/Destruction in Brazil. www.bigee.net/s/auiqwt 
  • Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (2012): Recycling refrigerators to protect the climate. www.bigee.net/s/yh8xvh


  • Location:

  • Types of policy:
    • Energy saving obligations for energy companies
    • Financial incentives

  • Implementation period:
    1998 to present

  • Year of latest revision:

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