Buildings Guide

Natural Ventilation  »  Buoyancy induced ventilation

Codes & Standards

Country Standard Remarks
India National Building Code Provides requirements for natural ventilation in buildings among other things
New Zealand Compliance Document for
New Zealand Building Code
Clause G4
Ventilation – Third Edition
Provides requirements for ventilation in buildings
Singapore BCA - Approved document
Acceptable solutions
Provides requirements for natural ventilation in buildings among other things
UK CIBSE AM10:2005 - Natural Ventilation in Non-domestic Buildings Provides design assistance on how to design for natural ventila-tion in non domestic buildings
UK Carbon Trust GPC 237 Natural Ventilation in Non-domestic Build-ings - A Guide for Designers, Developers, and owners. Provides good practice guide on natural ventilation
UK Approved Document F - Ventilation Provides requirements for ventilation in buildings
UK CIBSE AM:13 2000 – Mixed mode ventilation AM13: Mixed mode ventilation addresses provides data based on real-life applications to give the broad level of knowledge required to make strategic decisions about mixed mode systems, and point out specific piTFAlls
USA/International ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.2-2013 -Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low-Rise Residential Buildings This standard defines the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in low-rise residential buildings (ASHRAE, 2013)
USA/International ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2013 - Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality Specifies minimum ventilation rates intended to maintain optimum indoor air quality required for well being of occupants
USA/International ASHRAE Handbook – Fundamentals 2005 Basic cross ventilation and stack ventilation equations
USA (California) Title 24 - California Energy Commission – 2008 Building Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Non-residential Buildings. (The new 2013 Standards will go into effect on July 1, 2014) Provides guidelines and standard for natural ventilation (among other key indicators that affects energy efficiency in buildings


  • Haghighi, A., & Maerefat, M. (2010). Passive cooling of buildings by using integrated earth to air heat exchanger and solar chimney. Renewable energy (35), 2316e2324.
  • Ismail, M., & Rahman, A. M. (May 2012). Stack Ventilation Strategies in Architectural Context: A Brief Review of Historical Development, Current Trends and Future Possibilities. IJRRAS , 11 (2), S. 291-301.
  • Kleiven, T. (2003). Natural Ventilation in Buildings: Architectural concepts, consequences and possibilities. Norwegian Univesity of Science and Technology.
  • Mayer, P. (3. August 2005). Costs: Natural ventilation for office. Abgerufen am 15. August 2014 von Building.co.uk: http://www.building.co.uk/costs-natural-ventilation-for-offices/3054640.article
  • Oropeza-Perez, I. and Østergaard, P. (2014). Energy saving potential of utilizing natural ventilation under warm conditions – A case study of Mexico. Applied Energy, 130, pp.20-32.
  • Sassi, P. (2013). A Natural Ventilation Alternative to the Passivhaus Standard for a Mild Maritime Climate. Buildings, 3(1), pp.61-78.

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