Buildings Guide

Lighting  »  Lamps

Codes & Standards

Various codes, standards, minimum energy performance requirements and building energy codes provide guidance on the selection and use of efficient lighting systems. The following table gives information of few worldwide standards and codes related to energy efficiency in lighting systems.


Certification is a policy instrument that ensures energy efficient products are well represented in the market. The following are examples from Europe and the U.S.A


  • Bretzke, A. (2006). Best practice for lighting in Frankfurt schools also standard in the directive with 2W/(m² 100lx), in: Improving energy efficiency in commercial buildings. In: IEECB. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the Europ. Communities, pp.41-50.
  • Büro Ö-quadrat & CSCP, (2009). Better Lighting Saves Money Pilot Project on Efficient Lighting at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). [online] Available at: http://www.iclei-europe.org/fileadmin/templates/iclei-europe/files/content/ICLEI_IS/Newsletter/2009/december/fileadmin/template/iclei/ICLEI_IS/files/Newsbits/Images/2009/November/UNAM_cscp_en.PDF [Accessed 12 Mar. 2012].
  • Commission Regulation, (2009). COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 244/2009 of 18 March 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for non-directional household lamps. Official Journal of the European Union, L 76/3.
  • Eia.gov, (2016). How much electricity is used for lighting in the United States? - FAQ - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). [online] Available at: http://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=99&t=3 [Accessed 11 Jan. 2016].
  • Eia.gov, (2016). U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). [online] Available at: http://www.eia.gov/ [Accessed 11 Jan. 2016].
  • Enlighten-initiative.org, (2016). Home. [online] Available at: http://www.enlighten-initiative.org/ [Accessed 11 Jan. 2016].
  • European Commission JRC, (2011). EUROPEAN LED QUALITY CHARTER. DIRECTORATE-GENERAL JRC, JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE Institute for the Energy Renewable Energy Unit.
  • IEA, (2006). International Energy Agency: Light´s Labour´s Lost. Policies for Energy-efficient Lighting. Paris Cedex: OECD/IEA.
  • licht.de, (n.d.). licht.wissen 01 - Die Beleuchtung mit künstlichem Licht. licht.wissen.
  • Lightingfacts.com, (2016). LED Lighting Facts® - Home. [online] Available at: http://www.lightingfacts.com/ [Accessed 12 Jan. 2016].
  • Limaye, D., Sarkar, A. and Singh, J. (2009). Large-Scale Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Based on Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) Approaches, Design Issues, and Lessons Learned. The World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP). World Bank/ESMAP, p.9.
  • Martinot, E. and Borg, N. (1998). Energy-efficient lighting programs. Energy Policy, 26(14), pp.1071-1081.
  • Phadke, A., Sant, G., Bharvirkar, R., Lieberman, B. and Sathaye, J. (2009). Accelerating Super-efficient Equipment and Appliances, Deployment in a Globalized Market Through Multi-Country Coordination: Analysis of the SEAD Program. [online] Available at: http://prayaspune.org/peg/publications/item/83-accelerating-super-efficient-equipment-and-appliances-deployment-in-a-globalized-market-through-multi-country-coordination-analysis-of-the-sead-program.html [Accessed 12 Feb. 2012].
  • Wuppertal Institute/EMEEES, (2009). Measuring and reporting energy savings for the Energy Services Directive - how it can be done. Evaluation and Monitoring for the EU Directive on Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services. Wuppertal: Intellignet Energy Europe.
  • www.migros.ch, (2016). Migros - Energieetikette auf Verpackungen. [online] Available at: http://www.migros.ch/de/supermarkt/leuchtmittel/gut-zu-wissen/energieetikette.html [Accessed 12 Jan. 2016].

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