Buildings Guide

Space Cooling  »  Unitary (DX) Air-conditioners

Codes & Standards

Various Minimum Energy Performance Standards and building energy codes provide guidance on the selection and use of efficient air conditioning systems. Few standards emphasize on efficiency of the air conditioning system and component technology improvements within. Whilst some other standards emphasize on the Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) in relation to each other and also in relation to other energy end uses in a building following a holistic approach towards building energy performance.

The following table gives information of few worldwide standards and codes related to energy efficiency in air-conditioning.


  • Aprilaire, (2009). Whole House Dehumidification for Occupant Comfort and Energy Savings. Madison. [online] Madison: Research Products Corporation. Available at: http://ftp://ftp.aprilaire.com/Fulfillment/Dehumidifiers/840_Dehumid_whitepaper.pdf [Accessed 11 Feb. 2013].
  • ARMINES, ULg, IDMEC, AEA, BRE, and IASA, (2008). Draft report of Task 2 - Economic and Market analysis. Preparatory study on the environmental performance of residential room conditioning appliances (airco and ventila-tion). [online] DG ENERGY European Commission. Available at: http://www.ebpg.bam.de/de/ebpg_medien/tren10/010_studyf_08-07_airco_part2.pdf [Accessed 19 Jun. 2012].
  • ARMINES, ULg, IDMEC, AEA, BRE, and IASA, (2009a). Draft report of Task 4 - TECHNICAL ANALYSIS OF EXISTING PRODUCTS. Preparatory study on the environmental performance of residential room conditioning appliances (airco and ventilation). [online] DG ENERGY European Commission, p.60. Available at: http://www.ebpg.bam.de/de/ebpg_medien/tren10/010_studyf_09-03_airco_part4.pdf [Accessed 3 Feb. 2012].
  • ARMINES, ULg, IDMEC, AEA, BRE, and IASA, (2009b). Final report of Task 7 - Improvement Potential. Prepa-ratory study on the environmental performance of residential room conditioning appliances (airco and ventilation). [online] Available at: http://www.eup-net-work.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Produktgruppen/Aircon_Final_report_of_Task_7.pdf?PHPSESSID=ac2049f4af6791880abd6bed6dc73312 [Accessed 10 May 2012].
  • Baechler, M. and Love, P. (2004). Builders and Buyers Handbook for Improving New Home Efficiency, Comfort, and Durability in the Hot and Humid Climate. Building America Best Practices Series. [online] US Department of Energy. Available at: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/publications/pdfs/building_america/36960.pdf [Acces-sed 6 Jun. 2012].
  • BRISA, (2012). Published multi-client market research reports. [online] Available at: https://www.bsria.co.uk/market-intelligence/market-reports/ [Accessed 12 Feb. 2013].
  • BRISA, (2010). Global air conditioning feels the world recession in 2009. [online] Available at: https://www.bsria.co.uk/news/article/global-air-conditioning-feels-the-world-recession-in-2009/ [Accessed 8 Apr. 2012].
  • CLASP, (2011). Cooling benchmarking study report. [online] The Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Program. Available at: http://clasp.ngo/~/media/Files/SLDocuments/2012/CoolingBenchmarkingStudy/RAC%20benchmarking%20-%20Report.pdf [Accessed 2 Nov. 2015].
  • IEA, (2010). ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PERSPECTIVES 2010 - Scenarios & Strategies to 2050. [online] Paris Cedex: International Energy Agency. Available at: https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/etp2010.pdf [Accessed 2 Nov. 2012].
  • IEA, (2011). Technology Roadmap. Energy-efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment. [online] Paris Cedex: International Energy Agency. Available at: https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/buildings_roadmap.pdf [Accessed 2 Mar. 2013].
  • Lakeside Air, (2013). Ducted air conditioning. [online] Available at: http://www.lakesideair.com.au/residential/ducted-systems/ [Accessed 3 Nov. 2012].
  • McNeil, M. and Letschert, V. (2007). Future air conditioning energy consumption in developing countries and what can be done about it: the potential of effi ciency in the residential sector. In: eceee 2007 Summer Study. [online] Stockholm: ECEEE, pp.1311-1322. Available at: http://www.eceee.org/library/conference_proceedings/eceee_Summer_Studies/2007/Panel_6/6.306/paper [Accessed 2 Nov. 2012].
  • Michel, A., Bush, E., Nipkow, J., Brunner, C. and Bo, H. (2011). Energy efficient room air conditioners – best available technology (BAT). [online] Topten International Services. Available at: http://www.topten.eu/uploads/File/023_Anette_Michel_final_paper_S.pdf [Accessed 12 Apr. 2012].
  • IEA 4E, (2010). Technology - Residential Air conditioners. 4E Benchmarking Document. [online] IEA 4E. Availab-le at: http://mappingandbenchmarking.iea-4e.org/shared_files/130/download [Accessed 16 Apr. 2012].
  • NACEE. (June 2004). Standby product profile June 2004/06, Air conditioners, Australia's standby power strategy.
  • Shirney, III, D., Henderson, Jr., H. and Raustad, R. (2006). Understanding the Dehumidif ication Performance of Air-Conditioning Equipment at Part-Load Conditions. [online] University of Central Florida/Florida Soalr Energy Centre. Available at: http://www.fsec.ucf.edu/en/publications/pdf/FSEC-CR-1537-05-es.pdf [Accessed 8 Mar. 2012].
  • Topten.eu, (2013). Best of Europe - Best of Europe - topten.eu. [online] Available at: http://www.topten.eu/ [Acces-sed 3 Nov. 2012].

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