Policy Guide

Good practice package for buildings in Germany

Title Status Description
Policy roadmap and targets for Ultra-Low-Energy Buildings Implemented

Energy Concept pursuing a double strategy of energy efficiency and renewable energies in order to establish a climate neutral building stock by 2050

Energy-efficient spatial planning and urban district planning Implemented

KfW programme; local programmes, such as Hanover’s Kronsberg district

Energy agencies Implemented

Dena works on technical building issues while the KfW is in charge of financial elements

Energy efficiency funds Not Implemented

Energy saving obligations for energy companies Not Implemented

Government agencies and budget Implemented

KfW, BAFA with government budget; a small new EE funds

Removal/reform of subsidies to end-user energy prices and on energy supply Not Implemented

Energy/CO2 taxation and emissions trading Implemented

Energy tax exists for heating fuels and electricity German power plants and large industrial companies must comply with the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

Regulation of energy companies Implemented

Decoupling of revenues from energy volume for distribution network operators, but no explicit cost recovery for energy efficiency programmes

Minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) Implemented

The EnEV is tightened every few years; requires relatively low-energy buildings (ca. 60 to 70 kWh/m2/yr) since 2009; for 2021 ultra-low energy buildings planned

Other legal requirements Implemented

Individual metering (HeizkostenVO); heating and cooling system inspections; Smart Metering

Mandatory energy performance certificates & equipment labels Implemented

Home sellers/landlords must hand over the Energy Performance Certificate to buyers/tenants upon request, soon also publish them; mandatory since 2009

Energy advice & assistance during design and construction Implemented

A broad network of state accredited energy consultants exists and several programmes via consumer agencies, KfW, energy agencies, energy companies, independent advisors; e.g., Energielotsen Hanover, KfW-supported advisors during construction/refurbishment

Provision of information Implemented

Via Consumer Information Centres as well as many campaigns information are provided: Online databases of LEB/ULEB; CO2Online internet platform The Energy Efficiency Initiative of the BMWi provides respective building information online

Financial Incentives for ULEB and deep retrofits Implemented

The KfW provides financial incentives via the EE Refurbishment Programme and the EE Construction Programme The KfW Energetic City Refurbishment provides funding for energy efficient urban planning

Financing Implemented

The KfW provides preferential loans via the EE Refurbishment Programme and the EE Construction Programme and the programme for enterprises

Education & training Implemented

German federal states (Länder), chambers of architects, or KfW

Certification of qualified actors Implemented

BAFA programme for energy advisors

Energy efficiency clusters / networks Implemented

The management system LEEN supports energy efficiency networks of enterprises

Promotion of energy services for energy savings Implemented

Federal government programme for energy performance contracting in its own buildings; Energiesparpartnerschaft Berlin; other state promotion programmes

Funding for research, development and demonstration (RD&D) projects Implemented

Dena carries out research via the Niedrigenergiehaus programme, which consists of nearly 500 newly constructed or refurbished residential and non-residential buildings Research for Energy-Optimised Construction programme supports research in demonstration objects

Public sector programmes Implemented

Local authorities, Länder and federal governments

Competitions & awards Implemented

Families competed for living in an Efficiency House Plus for some time In 2009, in total €120,000 in prize money were distributed via the Efficiency House – Energy Efficiency and good Architecture


  • Aydin, Vera (Lead author)
  • Adisorn, Thomas (Author)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Bremer Energie Institut (BEI) (2011): Monitoring der KfW-Programme „Energieeffizient Sanieren“ 2010 und „Ökologisch / Energieeffizient Bauen“ 2006 - 2010 www.bigee.net/s/x9aw9x
  • Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS) (2011): Effizienzhaus Plus eröffnet www.bigee.net/s/k9d82p
  • Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS) (2011a): Förderprogramm 
  • Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS) (2011b): Typologie und Bestand beheizter Nichtwohngebäude in Deutschland www.bigee.net/s/1ftx56
  • Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS) (2012): Contracting zur energetischen Sanierung von öffentlichen Liegenschaften www.bigee.net/s/69td94
  • Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi); Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU) (2010): Das Energiekonzept der Bundesregierung 2010 und die Energiewende 2011 www.bigee.net/s/ehm8iy
  • Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) (2011): Haushalt 2012 24. November 2011 www.bigee.net/s/fmt56k
  • Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) (2012): Maßnahmen zur Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien im Wärmemarkt (Marktanreizprogramm) www.bigee.net/s/88efdx 
  • Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) (2012a): Energiewende auf gutem Weg – Ein Jahr nach den Energiewendebeschlüssen vom 6. Juni 2011 - Aktualisierung Juni 2012 www.bigee.net/s/xqedzu
  • Borg&Co. AB (2003): Harnessing the Power of the Public Purse. Final report from the European PROST study on energy efficiency in the public sector www.bigee.net/s/jgm2p2
  • Bundesstelle für Energieeffizienz: Aufgaben www.bigee.net/s/v8ge29
  • Bunse, Maike; Irrek, Wolfgang; Siraki, Klara; Renner, Gisela (2010): Task 2.1_ National Report on the Energy Efficiency Service Business in Germany. Task of the Change Best project www.bigee.net/s/6rjewd
  • Deutsche Energie-Aagentur (Dena) (2011): Das Dena-Gütesiegel Effizienzhaus - Regelheft mit Stand vom 31.10.2011 www.bigee.net/s/dzx7bg
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (Dena) (2012): China setzt auf Energieausweis “Made in Germany” www.bigee.net/s/tqefy6
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (Dena): About Dena www.bigee.net/s/7zczne
  • Deutsche Energieagentur (Dena) a: Wettbewerb Effizienzhaus - Energieeffizienz und gute Architektur www.bigee.net/s/i661e1
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (Dena) b: Energieeffizienz im Haushalt www.bigee.net/s/x5scar
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (Dena) c: Über das Dena-Modellvorhaben Effizienzhäuser www.bigee.net/s/en14jc
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (Dena) d: Effizienzhäuser zum Anschauen www.bigee.net/s/7huauu
  • Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) (1999): Nur zaghafter Einstieg in die ökologische Steuerreform www.bigee.net/s/vbj7t3
  • Directive 2005/32/EC (2005): Ecodesign for energy-using appliances www.bigee.net/s/rxt2re
  • Dudda, Christiane (2008): Sendefähiger Audiobeitrag zur Tagung Konto & Klima schonen - 30 Jahre Energieberatung www.bigee.net/s/4drgsb
  • EPBD-CA (2011): Implementing the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) – Featuring Country Reports 2010 www.bigee.net/s/efe33n
  • Energy Services Directive (ESD-CA): ESD Summary www.bigee.net/s/sh1vwf
  • Fraunhofer Institut: 30 Pilot-Netzwerke steigern Energieeffizienz in Unternehmen www.bigee.net/s/cus9nk
  • FH Braunschweig/Wolfenbüttel: Anerkennung und Zertifikat www.bigee.net/s/m2xzg5
  • Heizkostenvorordnung §4 (1): Pflicht zur Verbrauchserfassungwww.bigee.net/s/czj6r5  
  • Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg GmbH (IFEU) (2008): Evaluation des Forderprogramms „Energieeinsparberatung vor Ort“ www.bigee.net/s/dj6bzb 
  • KfW (2011): KfW programmes Energy-efficient Construction and Refurbishment: Public budgets benefit up to fivefold from "promotional euros www.bigee.net/s/t7dw7p
  • KfW (2011a): Merkblatt – Kommunale und soziale Infrastruktur – Energetische Stadtsanierung Zuschüsse für integrierte Quartierskonzepte und Sanierungsmanager www.bigee.net/s/mtfeg8 
  • KfW (2011b): Merkblatt – Kommunale und soziale Infrastruktur Sozial Investieren – Energetische Gebäudesanierung www.bigee.net/s/pyqvae
  • KfW (2011c): Merkblatt – Beratungsförderung Energieeffizienzberatung 
  • KfW (2012): Merkblatt KfW-Energieeffizienzprogramm www.bigee.net/s/rt92dr
  • KfW (2012a): Merkblatt KfW-Finanzierungsinitiative Energiewende www.bigee.net/s/xqassg
  • Lernende Energieeffizienz-Netzwerke (LEEN): Über Uns www.bigee.net/s/5kwvfd
  • Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik; HINICO (2012): Effect of smart metering on electricity prices. February 2012 www.biee.net/s/r2hxbm
  • Passivhaus Institut: Zertifiziertes Passivhaus – Zertifizierungskriterien für Passivehäuser mit Wohnnutzung www.bigee.net/s/4gbbqr
  • Passivhaus Institut: Hausplakette für zertifizierte Passivhäuser www.bigee.net/s/8ark68
  • Power, Anne; Zulauf, Monika (2011): Cutting Carbon Costs: Learning from Germany’s Energy Saving Program. In: What Works Collaborative – Building Knowledge & Sharing Solutions for Housing & Urban Policy. London 
  • Schleich, Joachim; Klobasa, Marian; Gölz, Sebastian (2012): Effects on feedback on residential electricity demand www.bigee.net/s/1cfjwi
  • Schröder, Mark; Ekins, Paul; Power, Anne; Zulauf, Monika; Loew, Robert (2011): The KfW Experience in the Reduction of Energy Use in and CO2 Emissions from Buildings: Operation, Impacts and Lessons for the UK. November 2011 www.bigee.net/s/gzsrgu
  • Senatsverwaltung für Gesundheit, Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz Berlin (2011): Climate Protection in Berlin. www.bigee.net/s/gu9t3u
  • Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt Berlin (2012): Klimaschutz. Energiepartnerschaft (ESP) www.bigee.net/s/qhtzk7
  • Tuschinski, Melita (2011): Der Energieausweis + EnEV 2009 – Die neue Energieeinsparverodnung für Gebäude www.bigee.net/s/eq2d82q
  • Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband: Energieberatung der Verbraucherzentralen - FAQ's - häufige Fragen www.bigee.net/s/89ykx5

Was this page helpful?   66% of our visitors found this helpful.