Policy Guide

Mandatory comparative labelling scheme


  • Tholen, Lena (Lead author)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • ANEC-R&T (2007): A review of the range of activity throughout Member States related to compliance with the EU Energy Label regulations in those countries
  • Bertoldi, Paolo; Atanasiu, Bogdan (2007): Electricity Consumption and Efficiency Trends in the Enlarged European Union – Status report. 2006. European Commission.
  • Collaborative Labeling & Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) (2004): Energy labeling and standard programs throughout the world. Report prepared by Lloyd Harrington and Melissa Damnics.
  • Egan, Christine (2000): An Evaluation of the Federal Trade Commission’s Energy Guide Appliance Label: An Interim Summary of Findings. American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.
  • European Commission (2008): Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products. Impact Assessment. SEC(2008) 2862.
  • European Commission (2009): The Potential of Market Pull Instruments for Promoting Innovation in Environmental Characteristics. Final report.
  • Institute of Studies for the Integration of Systems (ISIS) (2009): Preparatory Studies for Ecodesign Requirements of EuPs (Tender TREN/D1/40-2005) Lot 13: Domestic Refrigerators and Freezers, Final Report. Lead contractor: ISIS with contribution from Presutto, ENEA; Stamminger, University of Bonn; Scialdoni, ISIS; Mebane, ISIS; Esposito, ISIS.
  • International Energy Agency (IEA) (2003): Cool appliances: policy strategies for energy efficient homes.
  • International Energy Agency (IEA) (2007): Experience with Energy Efficiency Regulations for Electrical Equipment.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007): IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007.
  • Lane, Kevin; Harrington, Lloyd; Ryan, Paul (2011): How much did we actually save? A long-term evaluation of appliance standards and labels. EEDAL ’11 - Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting.
  • Lebot, Benôit: Waide, Paul; Newman, John (2000): The European Appliance Labelling Programme. 
  • Michelsen, Christian (2005): Exploring policy space: Interactions between policy instruments on household energy efficiency. The case of domestic cold appliances in Germany.
  • Waide, Paul; Egan, Christiane (2005): A multi-country comparative evaluation of labelling research. In ECEEE 2005 Summer Study Proceedings Volumes 1-3. Energy savings: What Works & Who Delivers? June 2005, Mandelieu, France. pp. 811-822. 

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EU Energy Label
Type: Mandatory comparative labelling scheme
European Union (EU),
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