Policy Guide

Good practice package for appliances in United States (California)

Title Status Description
Policy roadmap and targets for very efficient appliances Implemented

Assembly Bill 32, Climate Change Scoping Plan, Long Term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan

International co-operation Implemented

California is part of the Western Climate Initiative, Co-operation with the Province of Jiangsu in China

Energy agencies Implemented

State level: California Energy Commission and California Public Utilities Commission; Federal level: Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy

Energy saving obligations for energy companies Implemented

Each utility company must provide energy efficiency programmes and services: Energy Efficiency Portfolios and Budgets approved by the California Public Utilities Commission

Energy efficiency funds Implemented

Each utility company must provide energy efficiency programmes and services: Energy Efficiency Portfolios and Budgets approved by the California Public Utilities Commission; Public Goods Charge

Removal/reform of subsidies to end-user energy prices and on energy supply Implemented

The electricity rate is divided into tiers.

Regulation of energy companies Implemented

Cost recovery of energy efficiency programme costs plus performance-based incentives; Decoupling of energy company profits from sales

Minimum energy performance standards Implemented

MEPS were implemented in 1977; currently “2010 Appliance Efficiency Regulation”

Mandatory comparative labelling scheme Implemented

Energy Guide

Voluntary endorsement labelling scheme Implemented


Provision of targeted information Implemented

Product database for customers ENERGY STAR programmes, Flex your power

Feedback and other measures targeting user behaviour Implemented


Financial incentives Implemented

Financial incentives are given by both private and public energy companies. For example, SCE offers a rebate on refrigerators if an ENERGY STAR product is purchased, Energy Management Assistance Program

Financing Not Implemented

Education and training for supply chain actors Implemented

Training of retail sales staff (ENERGY STAR – Retailer Resources)

Energy efficient public procurement Implemented


Research and development funding Implemented

Public Interest Energy Research programme

Competitions and awards Implemented

SERP, Super-efficient Refrigerator Program


  • Tholen, Lena (Lead author)
  • Adisorn, Thomas (Author)
  • Andritzky, Paul (Author)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Agreement on Cooperation between the California Public Utilities Commission, the California Energy Commission and the Jiangsu Provincial Economic and Trade Commission (2005). www.bigee.net/s/3jihmr 
  • American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) (2012): State energy efficiency policy database. www.bigee.net/s/vr8hn1 
  • Appliance Recycling Centers of America (ARCA): www.bigee.net/s/n1u6fw 
  • Appliance Standard Awareness Project (ASAP): Refrigerators and Freezers. www.bigee.net/s/8589kb 
  • Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (2009): Market Transformation Good Practices Handbook. Buildings and Appliances Task Force Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate. www.bigee.net/s/zbpubp 
  • Buchan, David (2010): California’s Climate Policy – A Model?. In: The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. www.bigee.net/s/hkdnfu 
  • California Public Utilities Commission (2005): Agreement on Cooperation between the California Public Utility Commission, the California Energy Commission and the Jiangsu Provincial Economic and Trade Commission. www.bigee.net/s/evvzvz 
  • California Air Resources Board (CARB) (2008): Climate Change Scoping Plan - a framework for change. www.bigee.net/s/se8zk1
  • California Energy Commission (CEC) (2010): 2010 Appliance Efficiency Regulations. www.bigee.net/s/q33rcd
  • California Energy Commission (CEC) (2011): PIER. How Public Research Powers California. California Energy Commission. www.bigee.net/s/67p4aw 
  • California Energy Commission (CEC): Who’s Who in California Energy. www.bigee.net/s/3r2rvj 
  • California Energy Commission (CEC a): Energy Efficiency Programs. www.bigee.net/s/34akf4 
  • California Energy Commission (CEC b): Research, Development, and Demonstration - Looking Toward the Future. www.bigee.net/s/pf3y39 
  • Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) (2005): Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment, and lighting. www.bigee.net/s/g7xsmj
  • California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) (2010): FAQ – How Your Electricity Bill is Calculated. www.bigee.net/s/yv7q75 
  • California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) (2011): Strategic Plan Progress Report. Prepared by Energy Division. www.bigee.net/s/96mj69 
  • Departement of Energy (DOE) (2011): Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers. www.bigee.net/s/4k9kut 
  • Doris, Elizabeth; Cochran, Jacquelin; Vorum, Martin (2009): Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends at Different Levels of Government. In: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Technical Report NREL/TP6A2-46532. www.bigee.net/s/4vx72g 
  • Do Something - eMission: www.bigee.net/s/n7bc8t
  • Demand Response Research Center (DRRC): Demand Response Research Center. www.bigee.net/s/dt78a6 
  • Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) USA (2011): California – Incentives/ Policies for Renewables & Efficiency. www.bigee.net/s/uhtyt1 
  • Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007: www.bigee.net/s/e3jd8d  
  • ENERGY STAR – ENERGY STAR Pledge: www.bigee.net/s/4fry7f 
  • ENERGY STAR - eMission: Do something in the fight against climate change. www.bigee.net/s/w18ntz 
  • ENERGY STAR - Refrigerators: www.bigee.net/s/zn83ts 
  • ENERGY STAR – Search Engine: www.bigee.net/s/z3tktf 
  • ENERGY STAR – Retailer Resources: www.bigee.net/s/y9y5m9 
  • Federal Register (2007): 16 CFR Part 305, p.49948. www.bigee.net/s/kbb3qf 
  • Flex Your Power – General: www.bigee.net/s/hbv6im 
  • Flex Your Power – Refrigerators: www.bigee.net/s/xgnknx
  • Geller, Howard (2006): Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards, Labels, and Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Freezers, and Room Air Conditioners in Canada, México, the United States, China, and Other Developing and Transition Nations. www.bigee.net/s/tzx33h 
  • Hollomon, Brad; Lebbetter, Marc; Sandahl, Linda; Schoemaker, Terry (2002): Seven Years Since SERP: Success and Setbacks in Technology Procurement. www.bigee.net/s/qvnxb5 
  • JACO Environmental: http://www.jacoinc.net/ 
  • Mitchell, Cynthia et al. (2009): Stabilizing California’s Demand – The real reasons behind the state’s energy savings. In: Public Utilities Fortnightly. www.bigee.net/s/kukvgk 
  • Next10 (2012): Using the Allowance Value from California’s Carbon Trading System. www.bigee.net/s/x8zuuk 
  • Neubauer, Max (2011): Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards. In: 2011 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. ACEEE (ed.). www.bigee.net/s/38rchb
  • Process Evaluation of Southern California Edison’s 2006-2008 Home Energy Efficiency Rebate (HEER) Program: www.bigee.net/s/ncr16e 
  • Johnson, Hans (2011): California’s Population. In: Public Policy Institute of California. www.bigee.net/s/y2ud1d 
  • Pasolini, Antonio (2010): Less Power To Refrigerators! Appliances Get More Efficient From 2014. www.bigee.net/s/eev4wd 
  • Responsible Appliance Disposal Program – Southern California Edison Case Study (RAD_SCE_Case_Study). www.bigee.net/s/afi5g6 
  • Reed, John H.; Bailey, Charles; Riggert, Jeff; Morrissey, Moria (2010): Process and Market Evaluation of Southern California Edison’s Appliance Recycling Program 2006 – 2008: Innovologie 2010. www.bigee.net/s/2i41jg 
  • Seiden, Ken (2006): A Measurement and Evaluation Study of the 2004-2005 Limited Income Refrigerator Replacement & Lighting Program. www.bigee.net/s/gg7bxy
  • Southern California Edison (SCE) – Energy Management Assistance Program. www.bigee.net/s/njm619
  • Southern California Edison (SCE): ENERGY STAR Qualified Refrigerator Rebate. www.bigee.net/s/g56n43 
  • Southern California Edison (SCE): Refrigerator Freezer Recycling Program. www.bigee.net/s/6hhjyt 
  • Southern Californian Edison (SCE): Southern Californian Edison Safeguarding the Environment One Appliance at a Time. www.bigee.net/s/afi5g6 
  • Southern California Edison (SCE) (2012): Southern California Edison Company’s (U 338-E) 2012 Annual Report for 2011 Energy Efficiency Programs. www.bigee.net/s/jt29av 
  • Stephen Wiel & James McMahon for CLASP (2005): Energy Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Lighting and Equipment. www.bigee.net/s/tku85j 
  • Top Runner Program (2010): Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)/ Agency for Natural Resources and Energy. Revised Edition March 2010. www.bigee.net/s/atdbbx 
  • The Economist (2011): Comparing US states with countries – Stateside substitutes. www.bigee.net/s/6u7d6b 
  • U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) N°1: Appliance Standards. www.bigee.net/s/nk1x5n 
  • U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) N°2: Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Rulemaking. www.bigee.net/s/jffy19 
  • Western Climate Initiative (WCI) (2010): Design for the WCI Regional Program. www.bigee.net/s/gk213a 
  • Yuffee, Michael A. (2009): California Realities and Federal Plans – A Tale of Two Energy Worlds. In: Public Utilities Fortnightly, August 2009. www.bigee.net/s/4677be

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