Policy Guide

Good practice package for appliances in European Union (European Union)

Title Status Description
Policy roadmap and targets for very efficient appliances Implemented

20/20/20 goals Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency and its predecessor, Directive 2006/32/EC energy end-use efficiency and energy services

International co-operation Implemented

International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation EU Energy Star Programme in co-operation with the USA Linking Emission Trading Schemes with the EU ETS

Energy agencies Implemented

European Commission and energy agencies of the member states

Energy saving obligations for energy companies Implemented

Requirement for member states to obligate energy companies to save 1.5% per year of energy sales (Art. 7 EED); alternatives are an option for member states

Energy efficiency funds Implemented

European Energy Efficiency Fund

Government agencies and budget Implemented

Intelligent Energy-Europe Programme Horizon 2020

Removal/reform of subsidies to end-user energy prices and on energy supply not implemented


Energy/CO2 taxation and emissions trading Implemented

EU ETS; EU energy taxation directive

Regulation of energy companies Implemented

Regulation of network companies by member states in the Internal Electricity and Gas Markets created by EU directives.

Minimum energy performance standards Implemented

MEPS via Ecodesign Directive

Other legal requirements Implemented

EED requirements for individual energy metering and informative energy bills

Mandatory comparative labelling scheme Implemented

EU Energy Label

Voluntary endorsement labelling scheme Implemented

EU Ecolabel (Flower) EU Energy Star

Provision of targeted information Implemented

www.topten.info IEE projects providing information

Feedback and other measures targeting user behaviour Implemented

Roll-out plan for smart meters

Financial incentives Implemented

Some Member States introduced financial incentive schemes to increase the market share of energy-efficient appliances (e.g. Italy)

Financing not implemented


Education and training for supply chain actors Implemented

EmPower Capacity building measures for neighbouring countries

Voluntary agreements with manufacturers Implemented

Voluntary Agreements have been introduced for complex set top boxes

Energy efficient public procurement Implemented

EU and national authorities must purchase Energy Star-labelled products

Co-operative procurement Not In Place Any More


Research and development funding Implemented

Intelligent Energy-Europe and 7th Research Framework Programme, now merged to Horizon 2020 especially: CONCERTO Initiative

Competitions and awards Implemented

www.u4energy.eu Energy+ Awards DG for Environment launches a contest for companies selling products with the EU Flower label


  • Tholen, Lena (Lead author)
  • Adisorn, Thomas (Author)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l'Energie (ADEME) (2008): Energy Efficiency in the European Union: overview of policies and good practices. www.bigee.net/s/1bk4x1
  • Bunse, Maike; Irrek, Wolfgang; Herrndorf, Martin; Machiba, Tomoo; Kuhndt, Michael (2007): Top Runner Approach. Wuppertal Institute; CSCP. www.bigee.net/s/crhvyi
  • Centre for Strategy & Evaluation; Oxfort Research (2011): Evaluation of the Ecodesign Directive (2009/125/EC). www.bigee.net/s/sa69p2
  • Ecofys (2013): Evaluation of the Energy Labelling Directive and specific aspects of the Ecodesign Directive. First findings and recommendations. ENER/C3/2012-523 www.bigee.net/s/icgvge
  • Energy Efficiency Watch (2013): Improving and Implementing National Energy Efficiency Strategies in the EU-Framework. www.bigee.net/s/cd8bzw
  • EurActive (2013): Energy Efficiency Directive: Completing an energy policy puzzle. www.bigee.net/s/f3s14q
  • EurActive (2013a): EU smart meter roll-out lags behind ambition. www.bigee.net/s/cffd8z
  • EurActive (2013b): Doubts cast over consumer benefits of smart meters. www.bigee.net/s/ferpug
  • European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (eceee) (NA): Products covered and their status in the EuP process. www.bigee.net/s/zevr1q
  • Empower (2010): EmPower - EmPowerment of SME to Network for Intelligent Energy (EMPOWER). www.bigee.net/s/gqa8qx
  • European Commission (2006): Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realising the Potential. COM(2006)545 final. Brussels, 19.10.2006. www.bigee.net/s/zm3kt3
  • European Commission (2009): Accompanying document to the Commission Regulation implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for non-directional household lamps - Full Impact Assessment. SEC(2009)327. Brussels, 18.03.2009. www.bigee.net/s/zm3kt3 
  • European Commission (2011): Twinning Project Fiche - Improvement of the Policy Framework in the Sphere of Energy Efficiency and its Approximation to the Requirements of the EU Legislation. www.bigee.net/s/tj6twc
  • European Commission (2011a): A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050. COM(2011) 112 final. Brussels, 8.3.2011. www.bigee.net/s/6v8a51
  • European Commission (2012): Europe 2020 targets. www.bigee.net/s/ttkagi
  • European Commission (2012a): Facts and Figures. EU Ecolabel. www.bigee.net/s/ai7gnj
  • European Commission (2012b): Green Public Procurement - A collection of good practices.www.bigee.net/s/wuk9z6
  • European Commission (2012c): EcoDesign Your Future - How Ecodesign can help the environment by making products smarter. www.bigee.net/s/9d728u
  • European Commission (2012d): Commission Staff Working Document - Summary Impact Assessment Accompanying the document Proposal for a Commission Regulation implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for air conditioners and comfort fans. www.bigee.net/s/zt76c7
  • European Commission (2012e): Intelligent Energy – Europe II. Performance Report (2007-2011). www.bigee.net/s/qzhinc
  • European Commission (2012f): The Commission’s new Energy Efficiency Directive. MEMO/11/440. www.bigee.net/s/154876
  • European Commission (2012g): Financing Energy Efficiency. www.bigee.net/s/1735mk
  • European Commission (2013): The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). www.bigee.net/s/q7is9b
  • European Commission (2013a): Communication from the Commission. Delivering the internal electricity market and making the most of public intervention. C(2013) 7243 final www.bigee.net/s/uttndf
  • European Environment Agency (2008): EN 34 Energy Subsidies. www.bigee.net/s/c67se3
  • European Union (2009): Regulation (EC) No 66/2010 of 25 November 2009 on the EU Ecolabel. www.bigee.net/s/3ra4de
  • European Union (2009a): Commission Decision of 26 October 2009 determining the Community position for a decision of the management entities under the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programme for office equipment on the revision of the computer monitor specification in Annex c, part II, to the Agreement. (2009/789/EC). www.bigee.net/s/ptjcgd
  • European Union (2010): Directive 2010/30/EU on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products. 18.6.2010. www.bigee.net/s/j6x7ck
  • European Union Press releases RAPID (2007): Commissioner Piebalgs welcomes adoption of the new Energy Star programme. Reference IP/07/1943, Event Date 17/12/2007. www.bigee.net/s/z7v1n4
  • Federal Environment Ministry (BMU); Federal Economics Ministry (BMWi) (2011): Joint concept paper from the Federal Economic Ministry and the Federal Environment Ministry. www.bigee.net/s/csfre5
  • Irrek, Wolfgang et al. (2010) Task 3 Report: Outlook on the estimated GHG emissions reductions, Analysis of impact of efficiency standards on EU GHG emissions (Ecodesign Directive). European Commission
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2012): An OECD-wide inventory of support to fossil-fuel production or use www.bigee.net/s/kf8b91
  • Schüle, Ralf; Höfele, Vera; Thomas, Stefan (2011): Improving National Energy Efficiency Strategies in the EU Framework. Findings from Energy Efficiency Watch Analysis. EEW-Publication Nr. 1/2011. www.bigee.net/s/hvzdit
  • Steinbeis-Europa-Zentrum (2013): Welcome to the Concerto Website.
  • Süddeutsche Zeitung (2013): Oettinger schönt Subventionsbericht. 14. Oktober 2013 www.bigee.net/s/ra2y8f
  • United States Environment Protection Agency (EPA) (2010): Energy Star and other Climate Protection Partnerships. 2010 Annual Report. www.bigee.net/s/4sykds

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