Policy Guide

Good practice package for appliances in Japan

Title Status Description
Policy roadmap and targets for very efficient appliances Implemented

Basic Energy Plan, Energy Conservation Law

International co-operation Implemented

Japan is member of the IPEEC, EMAK, GSEP, Green Purchasing Network, JICA organises several activities

Energy agencies Implemented

Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) Energy Conservation Centre of Japan (ECCJ)

Energy saving obligations for energy companies Not Implemented

Energy efficiency funds Not Implemented

Government agencies and budget Implemented

ANRE, ECCJ, NEDO agencies and budget by METI

Removal/reform of subsidies to end-user energy prices and on energy supply Not Implemented

Energy/CO2 taxation and emissions trading Implemented

There are some energy taxes but not a emission trading or a carbon tax

Minimum energy performance standards Not Implemented

Top Runner Approach Implemented

Top Runner Program

Other legal requirements Implemented

Home Appliance Recycling Law

Mandatory comparative labelling scheme Implemented

Uniform Energy Saving Label

Voluntary endorsement labelling scheme Implemented

Energy labelling programme; Energy Star for office equipment

Provision of targeted information Implemented

School programmes, training courses, up-to-date information, “Energy efficient household appliance forum”, product database

Feedback and other measures targeting user behaviour Implemented

Energy Conservation Navi Smart Life

Financial incentives Implemented

Eco-Point Scheme

Financing Not Implemented

Education and training for supply chain actors Implemented

Energy education in schools; Training of retail sales staff by retailers under the Energy Efficient Product Retailer Assessment Program

Voluntary agreements with manufacturers Implemented

Agreement to reduce stand-by power consumption

Energy efficient public procurement Implemented

Green Procurement Law

Research and development funding Implemented

NEDO is the largest R&D management organisation, METI has some R&D programmes

Competitions and awards Implemented

Energy Efficient Product Retailer Assessment Program


  • Tholen, Lena (Lead author)
  • Adisorn, Thomas (Author)
  • Thomas, Stefan (Reviewer)
  • Wakiyama, Takako (Reviewer)

References and further reading

  • Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (2007): Reduction in Standby Power Consumption. www.bigee.net/s/grikc4
  • Association for Electric Home Appliances (AEHA): Home Appliances Recycling Process. www.bigee.net/s/ex7j7i
  • The Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ): Smart Life www.bigee.net/s/qvyeyi 
  • The Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) (2009): Energy Saving Labelling Program. www.bigee.net/s/1hjuyg
  • The Energy Conservation Center (ECCJ) (2012): Smart Life. Japan. www.bigee.net/s/qvyeyi 
  • Electric Refrigerator Evaluation Standards Subcommittee, Energy Efficiency Standards Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy (2006): Final Report. www.bigee.net/s/vp6sgm 
  • Furukawa, Kazuo: Message from the Chairman. www.bigee.net/s/tcvkpy 
  • Hamamoto, Mitsutsugu (2011): Energy Efficiency and R&D Activity: A study of the Top Runner Program in Japan. Low Carbon Economy. 2011 2, pp.91-98
  • Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI Europe) (2001): The World Buys Green: International survey on national green procurement practices, Freiburg.
  • The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ) (NA): Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies. Japan www.bigee.net/s/xq2tqh 
  • International Energy Agency (IEA): Eco-Points Scheme for Green Home Appliances www.bigee.net/s/7mb56r 
  • International Energy Agency (IEA) (2012): Policies and Measures Database- country Japan. www.bigee.net/s/u4rjbb 
  • International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) (2012): Members – Japan. www.bigee.net/s/armzez 
  • Kasahara, Satoru; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John; Jacoby, Henry; Ellerman, A Denny (2005): Climate Change Taxes and Energy Efficiency in Japan. www.bigee.net/s/mgzarz
  • Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP) (2009): Market Transformation Good Practices Handbook; Buildings and Appliances Task Force Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate.
  • Kataoka, Akira (2012): Green Purchasing trends in Japan and international network. Presentation, International Green Purchasing Network. www.bigee.net/s/uuxeds
  • Kawaguchi, Yukie: Profile of Activities oft he Energy Conservation Center of Japan in Enhancement of Energy Efficiency in the Commercial and Residential Sectors. www.bigee.net/s/4xffdj 
  • Machiba, Tomoo; Herrndorf, Martin; Kuhndt, Michael (2007): Green Purchasing. www.bigee.net/s/ad7xmg 
  • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industriy (METI) (2012): Highlights of METI-related Draft Budget for FY 2012. www.bigee.net/s/waw3ix 
  • Ministry of the Environment (MOE); Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI); Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication (MIC) (2011): Effects of the Home Appliance Eco-Point System Policy. www.bigee.net/s/yn6rvg 
  • New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) (2012): NEDO Projects: Energy and Environmental Technologies. www.bigee.net/s/up2n2x 
  • Seung-Joon, Park (2007): A Carbon Tax or an Environmental Tax Reform: Decision for Japan. www.bigee.net/s/8and7n 
  • Soo-cheol, Lee; Ueta, Kazuhiro; Verde, Stefano (2011): Energy tax and fiscal refrom towards a sustainable low-carbon economy: The Case of Japan. www.bigee.net/s/9arxhn
  • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)/ Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (2010): Top Runner Program. Revised Edition March 2010. www.bigee.net/s/atdbbx 
  • Tsurusaki, Takahiro; Iwafune, Yumiko; Shibata, Yoshiaki; Murakoshi, Chiharu; Nakagami, Hidetoshi (Jyukankyo Research Institute): Actual Energy Consumption of Top-Runner Refrigerators in Japan

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